Teen pregnancies [outliers: We note here that, if the pictures are sexual, exposure to these photos on others' profiles may also influence normative perceptions regarding sexuality. Thirty-six percent of births to white teens 15—19 and 87 percent of the births to black teens 15—19 occurred outside of marriage in the United States in NCHS,
SEXUALITY IN THE MEDIA
More work is needed on this issue, since it is one over which parents have some control. Longitudinal studies of young people could provide a better understanding of how sexual portrayals in the media are integrated into adolescents' beliefs about the risks and rewards of engaging in sex and their intention to act on these beliefs. Very little research has focused on the relationship between sexual content in television programming and the early initiation of sexual activity among young teenagers. A recent study  found that higher teen birth rates in poorer states were also correlated with a higher degree of religiosity and a lower abortion rate at the state level.